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is the most important
of the four former imperial cities
in the history of Morocco.
Inhabited by Berber farmers from Neolithic times,
the city was founded in 1062 by Abu Bakr ibn Umar,
chieftain and cousin of Yusuf ibn Tashfin.
Led by the Almoravids,
many mosques including the Koutoubia Mosque and madrasas (Koranic schools)
were built here during the 12th century with Andalusian influence.
The red walls of the city,
built by Ali ibn Yusuf in 1122-1123,
and various buildings constructed during this period
have given the city the nickname of
the "Red City" or "Ochre City"
because of the red sandstone used (wikipedia)
KUDABESI screwed with this post 04-15-2013 at 05:29 AM
Reason: More Data