Marker located on Route 51 in Charles Town, near intersection of 340 / 51 in front of Charles Town Races and Slots.
Delaney became known for his opposition to chattel slavery and his call for Black youth. Delaney was among the small group of Black medical students that attended Harvard Medical School in 1850 and 1851. Although white supremacy and racism forced Delaney to withdraw, he went on to distinguish himself as an outstanding physician specializing in chronic diseases of women and children. Martin Delany was a radical pre-War abolitionist, black nationalist, explorer of Africa, and veteran of the War of Northern Aggression. His father was a slave, and all four of his grandparents had been captured in Africa and brought to America as slaves, but his mother was free, and by law this meant Delany was born free. From earliest childhood, he was told by his parents that his ancestors were African royalty. His family fled north when his mother faced prosecution for educating her children. Delaney died Jan. 24, 1885 at Exenia, Ohio of tuburculosis. Buried at Massie's Creek Cemetery, Cedarville, OH