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Old 03-13-2009, 03:23 AM   #173
pnoman OP
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Location: Morgantown, WVa
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Big Lime and Big Injun Sands - Randolph Co

Located on old Rt 33 near Bowden Fish Hatchery, about 8 miles east of Elkins.

Excerpts from "A Handbook of the Petroleum Industry":

Big lime (of Kentucky, West Virginia, southern Pennsylvania and southeastern Ohio).—The geologic formation which is the Maxville limestone in southeastern Ohio and the Greenbrier limestone in West Virginia, and which may be continuous with the Ste. Geneviève and St. Louis limestones of Kentucky, must not be confused with the Big lime of the Central Ohio fields, which is of Devonian and Silurian age and not of Mississippian. The Big lime which is now being discussed is a formation which is generally productive in southeastern Ohio, often 'in the same areas in which the underlying Keener is productive. In Martin, Floyd and Knott counties, Kentucky, it is important from the standpoint of natural gas, which is contained in a thin lens of tan sand lying in the midst of the limestone. The thickness of the Big lime in Ohio and West Virginia ranges from a few feet up to 100 feet or more; but in Kentucky it is sometimes over 1000 feet in thickness.

Big Injun sand.—About 1200 feet below the Pittsburgh coal is the Big Injun—one of the thickest sands in the Appalachian basin, ranging from 50 to more than 400 feet. though not as important a producer as some other sands. It attains its best development in West Virginia and Pennsylvania, although it exists in eastern Kentucky and Ohio. It is productive at many places in southeastern Ohio. It is rather coarse in texture, and in many places contains pebbly layers which constitute the "pays." The Big Injun is generally water-bearing, and wells in it may be drowned out by the influx of water. In some places it is separated by shales into several sands. It belongs in the Mountain sand group of northern Pennsylvania; at Washington, Pennsylvania, it is called the Manifold sand, while its geologic equivalent is the Burgoon sandstone of Pocono age.

Historical Marker located on Old Rt 33 near Bowden Fish Hatchery.

Same sign, different view.

View of the rock formation and turnoff.

View eastbound on Old Rt 33. The end of the new 4-lane is about a mile ahead.

This section of Old Rt 33 is an interesting detour from the new 4-lane that extends east from Elkins. It starts at the top of the first mountain as you are heading east out of Elkins, and comes out at the very end of the 4-lane about 5 miles later.

Check out Bowden Fish Hatchery while you're there.
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